I’d like to introduce…

Edward George "Ted" Turner

Edward George Turner, known affectionately to his family and friends as Ted, was a kind hearted, gregarious, right jolly English gent, loved by all who knew him. He was born on the 27th of June 1911 at Blake Cottage, Horn Street in Winslow, Buckinghamshire, where his father was employed as head groom to Mr Gosling of Blake House.

And His Lovely Wife…

phyllis

Miss Phyllis Mary Collins, daughter of William Collins, publican of the George Inn in Winslow, which is where Ted met her one fateful day in the 1930s

Will of John Denchfield, 1734 (part of the Denchfield Series)

It never ends….any given decade in the 1600s, 1700s, and 1800s finds two, if not more, men named John Denchfield strolling the streets of North Marston, marrying women named Ann, Mary, or Elizabeth, raising sons named John and Richard, involving themselves in church business, land conveyances, marrying daughters named Ann, Elizabeth, and Mary to fellow gentleman farmers,and in the process leaving a paper trail that has confounded Denchfield family historians for hundreds of years. or NOT. Maybe I’m the only one confounded. Maybe to everyone else it’s clear. But the more Denchfield facts I discover, the more confused I become.

In the 1730s, one such John Denchfield made a living making malt brandy, on propreties he owned in North Marston and Quainton, Bucks. Among family historians, he is thought to be the son of  John Denchfield, ironmonger, whose 1688 will, transcribed here, left property in Quainton to underage son Richard, in the custodial care of eldest son John, who was himself to inherit his father’s properties in North Marston and Oving, including malthouses and malt making supplies. John Denchfield, son of John and his wife Parnell, was baptized in North Marston on 4 November 1674, but this presents a possible conflict- if he were baptized as  a baby, he would have been 14 when John the Ironmonger wrote his will in 1689, but it appears from the wording of the will that John was already at the full age of 21. This suggests that either John was at least 7 years old at his baptism, or the kinship is wrong. It was not uncommon for a child to be welcomed into the church as a toddler, but age 7?  There were no other John Denchfields baptized in North Marston, Quainton, or surrounding villages around that time, but there are known gaps in the North Marston register, so it’s possible there was another John Denchfield, born around 1667 or so. I’m no longer sure John Denchfield, maltster and husband of Elizabeth Purchas,was the son of John and Parnell Denchfield. UPDATE…. since writing this I’ve discovered I had a copy of the Latin probate for John’s estate:  Richard and Mattheo Denchfield appear to be named as Guardians and Curators over “duran[te] minori etat” John Denchfield.  So son John was a minor when his father died, and his uncles were given the task of overseeing the administration of their brother’s estate.

Puzzle solved. Just one of many…. but I can’t help a nagging feeling that somewhere, hidden among the plethora of documents left behind by these 17th and 18th century Denchfields, lie the answers, especially to the question of kinship. For now then, I’m putting the questions aside and continuing on my quest to transcribe every Denchfield will I can find.

And so we come to the will of John Denchfield, maltster of North Marston: made 7 March 1734, and proved 2 February 1736.

In the Name of God Amen I John Denchfield of North Marston in the County of Buckingham Maltster being weak in Body but /

 Of sound and perfect minde and memory doe make and declare my last Will and Testament in manner following First and /

 Principally I Recom[m]end my Soul into the hands of Almighty God my Creator trusting through the Merritts of Jesus Christ my /

 Saviour to Obtaine a full Remission of my sins My Body I Committ to the Earth from whence it was Extracted to be decently /

 Buryed att the discretion of my Executrix herein after named And as for all such worldy Estate as itt hath or Shall Please God to /

 Blesse me with att the tyme of my decease I Give Devise and dispose the same as followeth First I Give Devise and Bequeath /

 All that my Messuage Cottage or Tenenent and the Farme and lands thereto belonging in North Marston  aforesaid which /

 I  Purchassed of and from Mr Arnott and which  are now in the Tenure or Occupation of Robert Ward with all the Commons /

 Proffitts and Appertenances thereunto belonging unto my loving Wife Elizabeth Denchfield for and dureing the Terme of /

 Her naturall life Upon Condition that the said Elizabeth  my wife doe and shall dureing such tyme as she shall Enjoy the same /

 Pay thereout unto Purchas Denchfield my Sonn the Sume of Eleven Pounds a Yeare of lawfull money of Great Brittaine by /

 Halfe Yearely Payments the first Payment thereof to be due and payable six months next after my death He the said /

 Purchas Denchfield allowing out of such Eleven Pounds a Yeare unto the said Elizabeth my Wife his proportionable parte /

 Of the land Tax which shall be charged on the said Farme And from and after the death of the said Elizabeth my Wife /

 Then I Give Devise and Bequeath my said Messauge Cottage or Tenement Farme and lands in the Occupation of the /

said Robert Ward and the Commans Proffitts and Apportenances thereunto belonging unto the said Purchas Denchfield /

my Sonn and his Heires and Assignes forever Upon Condition that the said Purchas Denchfield my Sonn his Heires or /

Assignes doe and shall out of the same well and truely pay or cause to be paid unto Ruth Denchfield my Daughter /

the sume of Two Hundred Pounds of lawfull money of Great Brittaine att such tyme as she shall have attained the /

Age of One and Twenty Yeares or within six months next after the death of the said Elizabeth my Wife which shall /

last happen And doe alsoe out of the same in Case the said Elizabeth my Wife shall happen to departe this life before /

my said daughter Ruth shall have attained the Age of One and Twenty Yeares well and truely pay or cause to be /

paid unto the said Ruth Denchfield my daughter Interest for the said Two Hundred Pounds after the Rate of Five /

Pounds a Yeare for One Hundred Pounds from the tyme of the death of the said Elizabeth my wife untill such tyme /

as the said Two Hundred Pounds shall be due and payable And doe alsoe out of the same well and truely pay or /

cause to be paid unto Richard Denchfield my sonn the sume of One Hundred Pounds of like lawfull money of Greate /

Brittaine att such tyme as He shall have Attained the Age of One and Twenty Yeares or within Six months next after /

the death of the said Elizabeth my Wife which shall last happen And doe alsoe out of the same in Case the said Elizabeth /

my wife shall happen to departe this life before my said sonn Richard shall have Attained the Age of One and Twenty /

Yeares well and truely pay or cause to be paid unto the said Richard Denchfield my sonn Interest for the said One /

Hundred Pounds after the Rate of Five Pounds a Year for One Hundred Pounds from the tyme of the death of the /

said Elizabeth my Wife until such tyme as the said One Hundred Pounds shall be due and payable But in Case /

the said Purchas Denchfield my sonn and his Heires and Assignes shall Neglect or Refuse to pay unto the said /

Ruth Denchfield my daughter the said Two Hundred Pounds or the Interest thereof when the same shall be due /

and payable or shall Neglect or Refuse to pay unto the said Richard Denchfield my sonn the said One Hundred /

Pounds or the Interest thereof when the same shall be due and payable Then I Give Devise and Bequeath the /

said Messuage Cottage or Tenement Farme and lands in the Occupation of the said Robert Ward and the Commons /

Proffitts and Apportenances thereunto belonging unto the said Ruth Denchfield my daughter and Richard Denchfield /

 my sonn and theire Heires forever Alsoe I Give Devise and Bequeath my Revertion (Expectant upon the death of the /

said Elizabeth my Wife) of and in All that Messuage Cottage or Tenement in North Marston aforesaid wherein I now /

dwell and the Malthouse Barnes Stables Yards Orchards Gardens Backsides Commons Proffitts and Apportenances /

whatsoever thereunto belonging or in any  wise Apportaineing And alsoe of and in All that halfe Yard land and /

halfe Quarterne of a Yard land in the Parish of North Marston aforesaid which I Purchassed of and from John Bunce /

and which are now in the Tenure or Occupation of Henry Cobor[?] and the Hedges Ditches Trees Commons Proffitts and /

 Apportenances thereunto belonging unto John Denchfield my Sonn and his Heires and Assignes forever Upon Condition /

 that the said John Denchfield my sonn his Heires or Assignes doe and shall out of the sume well and truely pay or /

cause to be paid unto Richard Denvhfield my Sonn the Sume of One Hundred Pounds of lawfull money of Great /

Brittaine att such tyme as He shall have Attained the Age of one and Twenty Yeares or within Six months next after /

the death of the Said Elizabeth my Wife which shall last happen And doe alsoe out of the same in Case the said /

Elizabeth my Wife Shall happen to departe this life before the said Richard my Sonn Shall have Attained the said /

 Age of One and Twenty Yeares well and truely pay or cause to be paid unto the Said Richard my Sonn Interest for /

the said One Hundred Pounds after the Rate of Five Pounds a Yeare for One hundred Pounds from the tyme of the /

death of the said Elizabeth my Wife until such tyme as the Same shall be due and payable But in Case the Said John /

Denchfield my Sonn and his Heires and Assignes Shall Neglect or refuse to pay unto the said Richard Denchfield /

my Son the Said One Hundred Pounds or the Interest thereof when the same shall be due and payable Then I /

Give Devise and Bequeath the said halfe Yardland and halfe Quarterne of a Yardland which I Purchassed of /

 and from the Said John Bence and the Apportenances thereunto belonging unto the Said Richard Denchfield /

my Sonn and his Heires forever Also I Give and Bequeath All my Household goods and Implements of Household /

Unto the Said Elizabeth my Wife to the Intent that She may have the Use of the same dureing the Terme of her /

Naturall life and alsoe the Power of disposeing of the same att her Death unto and amongst my said Children John /

Ruth and Richard in such manner as she shall thinke fitt. Also I Give and Bequeath All the Rest of my Goods /

Chattells and Personall Estate whatsoever and wheresoever unto the said Elizabeth my Wife She paying my debts and /

funerall Expences And I doe hereby make Ordaine and Appoint the said Elizabeth my wife full and Sole Executrix of /

This my last Will and Testament And Lastly I doe hereby Revoke and make voide all former Wills by me before made /

And doe declare this to be my last Will and Testament and none other nor otherwise. In Wittnesse whereof I have to this /

My Will contained in Two Sheetes of Paper to Each Sheete thereof sett my hand and seale this seventh day of March /

in the Yeare of our Lord one Thousand Seven Hundred and Thirty Four.

the Marke of John Denchfield

Signed Sealed Published and Declared by the said John Denchfield

The testator for and as his least Will and Testament in the Presence

Of us who have hereunto subscribed our names as Wittnessed in

The Presence of the said Testator and of each other

Ricd Peter Goldsworth

John Goldsworth

 

Febry 2. 1736.

Sworn Executrix abovenamed before me

Wm Mason Jun

Proved the 2d day of February 1736 before William Mason

Clerk Surrogate by the oath of Elizabeth Denchfield widow

Relick Sole Execx to whom Ad[ministrat]ion was Committed she being sworn duely to administer.

_______________________

John Denchfield, will, North Marston, 1734; Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, catalog reference DAWe: 72/99 and DAWf: 81/99; original will and probate records photocopied by the Buckinghamshire Family History Society, 2010, copy held by author.

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